发国际护士信息上国际护士网 找国际护士信息上国际护士网

国际护士网 网站导航 手机版

国际护士头条

头条:

主页 > 护士证书 > ISPN > ISPN备考 > ISPN模拟试题 > ISPN模拟试题78

ISPN模拟试题78

发表日期:2017-01-12 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
155. When assessing a client with emphysema, which finding would the nurse conclude needed further investigation because it is not an expected characteristic of the disease?
a. Pursed-lip breathing
b. Persistent productive cough
c. Grunting at the end of expiration
d. Prolonged expiration
156. Which laboratory results are consistent with long-term COPD? Mark all that apply.
a. Erythrocytosis
b. Hypoxemia
c. Hypercapnia
d. Leukopenia

注释:
Emphysema 肺气肿
Erythrocytosis 红细胞增多
Hypercapnia高二氧化碳血;高碳酸血
Leukopenia 白细胞减少

Rationale

155. Correct answer: b.
Persistent productive cough is not a symptom of emphysema rather there is minimal cough and sputum production. Clients with emphysema automatically use pursed-lip breathing to facilitate exhalation, which is prolonged due to airway narrowing or collapse on expiration and ends with a grunt.

156. Correct answers: a, b, and c.
COPD is characterized by a decrease in oxygen and increase in carbon dioxide so hypoxemia and hypercapnia are expected. Erythrocytosis or an increase in RBCs also occurs as a compensatory effort to maintain tissue oxygenation. It is frequently seen as PaO2 levels fall below 55 mmHg.

国际护士网(www.the-nurses.com)

国际护士网微信公众号
数据统计中,请稍等!
标签:
上一篇:ISPN模拟试题77 下一篇:ISPN模拟试题79
国际护士网专题
国际护士风采

合作机构

友情链接

关于本站| 对外合作| 有偿投稿| 转载声明| 免责声明| 联系我们| 【网站地图】| 【百度地图】| 【谷歌地图】| 【Feed地图】

Copyrights © 2015 www.the-nurses.com, All rights reserved. 豫ICP备12001925号-2

河南网络警察报警平台公共信息安全网络监察经营性网站备案信息不良信息举报中心中国文明网传播文明诚信网站
  • 合作咨询
  • 官方微博
    国际护士网官方微博
  • 官方微信
    国际护士网微信公众号