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ISPN模拟试题83

发表日期:2017-01-13 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
165. The nurse should expect to include bed rest, a high-calorie diet, and extra fluids in the care plan for a client with which disorder?
a. Cystic fibrosis
b. Emphysema
c. Pneumonia
d. Lung cancer

166. An infant with a T/E defect requires careful assessment for abnormalities affecting which other structure(s)?
a. Brain
b. Kidneys
c. Liver
d. Lungs

注释:
Cystic fibrosis 囊性纤维化

Rationale

165. Correct answer: c.
Bed rest, a high-calorie diet and extra fluids are essential parts of the therapeutic plan for the client with pneumonia. For cystic fibrosis, a high-calorie, high-protein, normal-fat diet is desirable but bed rest is not required; in fact, physical exercise is encouraged. For emphysema, a high-protein, high-calorie, vitamin-rich diet is encouraged; bed rest is not necessary. Clients with lung cancer need adequate nutrition but not bed rest.

166. Correct answer: b.
Associated anomalies with T/E defects involve GU, cardiovascular, vertebral, anorectal, and limb structures. Anomalies of the brain, liver, and lungs are not associated.

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