a. Cystic fibrosis
d. Lung cancer
166. An infant with a T/E defect requires careful assessment for abnormalities affecting which other structure(s)?
Cystic fibrosis 囊性纤维化
165. Correct answer: c.
Bed rest, a high-calorie diet and extra fluids are essential parts of the therapeutic plan for the client with pneumonia. For cystic fibrosis, a high-calorie, high-protein, normal-fat diet is desirable but bed rest is not required; in fact, physical exercise is encouraged. For emphysema, a high-protein, high-calorie, vitamin-rich diet is encouraged; bed rest is not necessary. Clients with lung cancer need adequate nutrition but not bed rest.
166. Correct answer: b.
Associated anomalies with T/E defects involve GU, cardiovascular, vertebral, anorectal, and limb structures. Anomalies of the brain, liver, and lungs are not associated.