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ISPN模拟试题84

发表日期:2017-01-13 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
167. Which is a characteristic assessment finding in clients with bacterial pneumonia?
a. Increased PaO2
b. Rust-colored sputum
c. Expiratory wheeze
d. Nonproductive cough

168. In what way are croup and laryngotracheobronchitis significantly similar?
a. Client is afebrile with both.
b. Both are viral in origin.
c. Age range of susceptibility is the same.
d. Speed of onset is identical.

注释:
Laryngotracheobronchitis 喉气管支气管炎
Afebrile 不发烧的,无热的

Rationale

167. Correct answer: b.
Rust-colored sputum, pleuritic pain, cough, and fever are classic signs of bacterial pneumonia. PaO2 is decreased secondary to consolidation in the lung. An expiratory wheeze is characteristic of asthma not pneumonia.

168. Correct answer: b.
Both diseases are viral in origin. With croup, children are afebrile; with laryngotracheobronchitis, children have fever. Croup primarily affects children aged 6 months to 3 years and laryngotracheobronchitis affects children under 5 years of age. Onset of croup is sudden and onset of laryngotracheobronchitis is more gradual.

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