1. A high-protein, high-salt diet
2. A full liquid diet for 1 month
3. A low-fat, high carbohydrate diet
4. A normal protein, mild sodium diet
For the child with nephrotic syndrome, a diet that is normal in protein, with a mild sodium restriction (to reduce fluid retention), is normally prescribed. Options 1, 2, and 3 are incorrect diets for this child.
184.A client with a history of lung disease is at risk for developing respiratory acidosis. The nurse should assess the client for which signs and symptoms characteristic of this disorder?
1. Bradycardia and hyperactivity
2. Decreased respiratory rate and depth
3. Headache, restlessness, and confusion
4. Bradypnea, dizziness, and paresthesias
When a client is experiencing respiratory acidosis, the respiratory rate and depth increase in an attempt to compensate. The client also experiences headache; restlessness; mental status changes, such as drowsiness and confusion; visual disturbances; diaphoresis; cyanosis as the hypoxia becomes more acute; hyperkalemia; rapid, irregular pulse; and dysrhythmias. Options 1, 2, and 4 are not specifically associated with this disorder.