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主页 > 护士证书 > ISPN > ISPN备考 > ISPN模拟试题 > ISPN模拟试题92

ISPN模拟试题92

发表日期:2017-01-14 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
183.The nurse is reviewing the health care provider's prescriptions for a child hospitalized with nephrotic syndrome. Which dietary prescription should the nurse expect to be prescribed for the child?
    1. A high-protein, high-salt diet
    2. A full liquid diet for 1 month
    3. A low-fat, high carbohydrate diet
    4. A normal protein, mild sodium diet
      
Correct Answer:4
For the child with nephrotic syndrome, a diet that is normal in protein, with a mild sodium restriction (to reduce fluid retention), is normally prescribed. Options 1, 2, and 3 are incorrect diets for this child.
 
184.A client with a history of lung disease is at risk for developing respiratory acidosis. The nurse should assess the client for which signs and symptoms characteristic of this disorder?
    1. Bradycardia and hyperactivity
    2. Decreased respiratory rate and depth
    3. Headache, restlessness, and confusion
    4. Bradypnea, dizziness, and paresthesias
  
Correct Answer:3
When a client is experiencing respiratory acidosis, the respiratory rate and depth increase in an attempt to compensate. The client also experiences headache; restlessness; mental status changes, such as drowsiness and confusion; visual disturbances; diaphoresis; cyanosis as the hypoxia becomes more acute; hyperkalemia; rapid, irregular pulse; and dysrhythmias. Options 1, 2, and 4 are not specifically associated with this disorder.

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