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ISPN模拟试题97

发表日期:2017-01-14 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
193.The nurse has provided dietary instructions to a client with coronary artery disease. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of the dietary instructions?
    1. "I'll need to become a strict vegetarian."
    2. "I should use polyunsaturated oils in my diet."
    3. "I need to substitute eggs and whole milk for meat."
    4. "I should eliminate all cholesterol and fat from my diet."
 
Correct Answer:2
The client with coronary artery disease should avoid foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol such as eggs, whole milk, and red meat. These foods contribute to increases in low-density lipoproteins. The use of polyunsaturated oils is recommended to control hypercholesterolemia. It is not necessary to eliminate all cholesterol and fat from the diet. It is not necessary to become a strict vegetarian.                     


194.After a tonsillectomy, a child begins to vomit bright red blood. The nurse should take which initialaction?
    1. Maintain NPO status.
    2. Turn the child to the side.
    3.Administer the prescribed antiemetic.
    4.Notify the health care provider (HCP).
 
Correct Answer:2
After tonsillectomy, if bleeding occurs, the nurse immediately turns the child to the side to prevent aspiration and then notifies the health care provider. NPO status would be maintained, and an antiemetic may be prescribed; however, the initial nursing action would be to turn the child to the side.
nsi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:ZH-CN;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'>The client with coronary artery disease should avoid foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol such as eggs, whole milk, and red meat. These foods contribute to increases in low-density lipoproteins. The use of polyunsaturated oils is recommended to control hypercholesterolemia. It is not necessary to eliminate all cholesterol and fat from the diet. It is not necessary to become a strict vegetarian.                
    

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