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> 医护英语 > 职称英语 > 常用护理英文术语

常用护理英文术语

发表日期:2016-02-01 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 
 Nursing processes 护理过程

  assessment 估计

  nursing diagnosis 护理诊断

  planning 计划

  intervention (implementation, management) 措施(实施、管理

  evaluation 评价Daily care of the patient 对病人的日常护理

  morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)间护理

  bedmaking 整理床铺

  oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔卫生

  brushing the teeth 刷牙

  flossing the teeth 清牙垢

  denture care 清洗假牙

  bathing 洗澡

  cleanliness and skin care 清洁与皮肤护理

  perineal care 洗会阴

  hair 梳头

  shaving 刮脸

  Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗脚

  changing hospital gowns 更换住院服装

  massage 按摩

  bedsore care 褥疮护理Measurement of vital signs 测量生命体征

  taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature

  量口腔(直肠、腋下)体温

  taking a radial pulse 测量桡动脉脉搏

  counting respirations 计呼吸次数

  measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血压Catheterization 导管插入术

  cardiac catheterization 心导管插入术

  laryngeal catheterization喉插管术

  retro-urethral catheterization 逆行导尿管插入术

  urethral catheterization 尿道导管插入术Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒灭菌

  asepsis 无菌(法)

  integral asepsis 完全无菌

  disinfection 消毒

  concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 随时消毒,即时消毒

  steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

  terminal disinfection 终末消毒

  disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外线消毒

  Sterilization 灭菌,消毒

  chemical sterilization 化学灭菌法

  fractional sterilization 间歇灭菌法

  intermittent sterilization 间歇灭菌法

  mechanical sterilization 器械灭菌法Decompression 减压(术)

  oardiac decompression 心减压术

  cerebral decompression 脑减压术

  orbital decompression 眼眶减压术

  decompression of decompression 心包减压术

  gastro-intestinal decompression 胃肠减压术

  decompression of rectum 直肠减压术

  decompression of spinal cord 脊髓减压术Dialysis透析

  peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

  hemodialysis 血液透析Drainage 引流、导液

  aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引导液(引流)

  closed drainage 关闭引流法

  negative pressure drainage 负压吸引法

  open drainage 开放引流法

  postural drainage 体位引流法

  vaginal drainage 阴道引流法

  vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌肠

  barium enema钡灌肠

  blind enema肛管排气法

  contrast enema对比灌肠

  glycerin enema甘油灌肠

  high (low) enema 高(低)位灌肠

  magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸镁灌肠

  retention (non-retention) enema 保留(无保留)灌肠

  soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌肠

  turpentine enema 松节油灌肠Feeding 饲,喂养

  Forced (forcible) feeding 强制喂养

  intubtaion (tube) feeding 管饲法

  nasal feeding 鼻饲法

  rectal feeding 直肠营养法Heat and clod applications 冷、热敷

  applying hot compresses 热敷

  applying hot soaks 湿热敷

  assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 帮病人坐浴

  applying hot water bottles 用热水瓶

  applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋

  applying cold compresses 冷敷

  giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 输入,注入

  glucose infusion 葡萄糖液输注

  glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-盐水输注

  saline infusion 盐水输注

  Injection 注射

  endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮内注射

  hypertonic saline injection 高渗盐水注射

  hypodermic injection 皮下注射

  intramuscular injection 肌内注射

  intraocular injection 眼球注射

  intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

  intrauterine injection 子宫内注射

  nasal injection 鼻内注射

  peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

  rectal injection 直肠注射

  subconjunctival injection 结膜下注射

  urethral injection 尿道注射

  vaginal injection 阴道注射Irrigation 冲洗

  vaginal irrigation 阴道冲洗

  bladder irrigation 膀胱冲洗

  continuous irrigation 连续冲洗法

  mediate irrigation 间接冲洗法Isolation 隔离、分离

  strict isolation 严密隔离

  contact isolation 接触隔离

  respiratory isolation 呼吸隔离

  drainage (secretion) precautions 引流预防措施

  enteric precautions 肠道预防措施

  blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(体液)预防措施

  protective isolation 保护性隔离Lavage 灌洗

  blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法

  ether lavage (腹腔内)乙醚洗法

  gastric lavage 洗胃

  intestinal lavage 洗肠

  peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

  pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 药疗,投药,给药

  endermic medication 皮内透药法

  hypodermatic medication 皮下投药法

  intramuscular medication 肌肉投药法

  ionic medication 离子透药疗法

  nasal medication 鼻内投药法

  oral medication 口服法

  rectal medication 直肠投药法

  sublingual medication 舌下投药法

  transduodenal medication 十二指肠内投药法

  vaginal medication 阴道投药法

  Suctioning 吸气引液

  upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

  nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

  wound suctioning 伤口吸引Transfusion 输血

  arterial transfusion 动脉输血

  blood transfusion 输血

  direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接输血

  drip transfusion 滴注输(血)液

  indirect transfusion 间接输血

  plasma transfusion 输血浆

  serum transfusion 输血清

  venous transfusion 静脉输血,静脉输液Diet nursing 伙食护理

  absolute diet (fasting) 禁食

  balanced diet 均衡伙食

  convalescent diet 恢复期饮食

  diabetic diet 糖尿病饮食

  eucaloric diet 适当热量饮食

  fat-free diet 无脂饮食

  salt-free diet 无盐饮食

  fever diet 热病饮食

  full diet 全食,普通饮食

  half diet 半食

  high caloric diet 高热量饮食

  high-carbohydrate diet 高糖类饮食

  high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白饮食

  invalid diet 病弱者饮食

  light diet 易消化饮食

  liquid diet 流质饮食

  high fat diet 高脂饮食

  low fat diet 低脂饮食

  low caloric diet 低热量饮食

  low-protein diet 低蛋白饮食

  low-residue diet 低渣饮食

  nourishing diet 滋补饮食

  obesity diet 肥胖病饮食

  prenatal diet 孕期饮食

  regimen diet 规定食谱

  smooth (soft) diet 细软饮食Preparing the patient for the surgery 为病人手术前做准备

  shaving the patient's skin (skin prep) 备皮

  anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手术后护理

  coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸练习

  applying elastic stockings 穿弹性袜

  applying elastic bandages 用弹性绷带Emergency care (first aid)急救护理

  cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循环复苏术

  mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation

  口对口(口对鼻,口对颈部小口)循环复苏术

  emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims

  昏厥(休克、中风)患者急救

  emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

  emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

  呕吐患者急救

  emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癫痫发作急救

  hospice care 临终护理

  postmortem care 死后护理

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