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ISPN考试复习指南(150)

发表日期:2016-12-12 | 来源 :国际护士网 | 作者 :www.the-nurses.com |点击数: 次 收听:
 

  B. Nutrition 营养

  1. Review the physician's prescriptions regarding the NPO status before surgery.

  术前再次检查医生的禁食处方。

  2. Withhold solid foods and liquids as prescribed to avoid aspiration; usually for 6 to 8 hours before general anesthesia and for approximately 3 hours before surgery with local anesthesia.

  按规定禁食固体食物和液体,避免误吸;全麻病人通常在术前6-8小时、局麻病人约在术前3小时禁食。

  3. Insert an IV line and administer IV fluids, if prescribed; IV catheter size should be large enough to administer blood products if they are required.

  遵医嘱插入静脉导管、输液。静脉导管规格应以需要时可输入血液制品为宜。

  4. Administer parenteral nutrition (PN) as prescribed; usually PN is prescribed for clients who are malnourished, have protein or metabolic deficiencies from underlying disease, or cannot ingest foods.

  按医嘱进行胃肠外营养(PN)供给;医生通常会给因潜在疾病而营养不良、蛋白或代谢不足的患者开出PN处方。

  C. Elimination 排泄

  1. Ifthe client is to have intestinal or abdominal surgery, then an enema, laxative,or both may be prescribed the day or night before surgery.

  如果患者要做肠道或腹部手术,需要手术前一天或晚上给予灌肠、泻药或二者合用。

  2. The client should void immediately before surgery.

  术前排空膀胱。

  3. Insert a Foley catheter, if prescribed; Foley catheters should be emptied immediately before surgery, and the nurse should document the amount and characteristics of the urine.

  遵医嘱插好福利导管;应在术前排空福利导管,护士应记录排尿数量和性质。

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